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Leuk Lymphoma. 1999 Jun;34(1-2):25-33.

Chromosomal rearrangement of the PAX-5 locus in lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma with t(9;14)(p13;q32).

Author information

  • 1Department of Pathology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. iida@med.nagoya-cu.ac.jp

Abstract

B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) consists of heterogeneous subtypes based on histologic, immunophenotypic, and clinical findings. Recent advances in molecular biology have provided us new insights into the pathogenesis of this neoplasm at the genetic level, such as the deregulation of the protooncogenes adjoining the immunoglobulin gene (Ig) loci, which is a specific event in mature B-cell tumors. Moreover, involvement of certain protooncogenes corresponds to certain subtypes of NHL. Recently, we found that t(9;14)(p13;q32) chromosomal translocation associated with lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma (LPL) juxtaposes PAX-5 gene encoding for an essential transcription factor (BSAP: B-cell specific activator protein) for B-cell proliferation and differentiation to the Ig heavy chain gene (IgH) locus. This results in deregulated expression of the PAX-5 mRNA. We also developed a diagnostic FISH (fluorescence in situ hybridization) procedure which is able to detect 80% of the widely scattering 9p13 breakpoints involved in this translocation. Thus, an understanding of the PAX-5 gene's physiological role in B-cell development and the pathological role in tumorigenesis may lead to the optimal clinical treatment strategy for LPL and LPL-derived diffuse large cell lymphoma (DLCL).

PMID:
10350329
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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