Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Mol Pharmacol. 1999 Jun;55(6):1006-10.

Detection of nitrosyl hemoglobin in venous blood in the treatment of sickle cell anemia with hydroxyurea.

Author information

  • 1Laboratory of Pharmacology and Chemistry, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA. glover1@niehs.nih.gov

Abstract

The clinical efficacy of hydroxyurea (HU) in the treatment of sickle cell anemia has mainly been attributed to increased levels of fetal hemoglobin (HbF), which reduces the tendency for sickle hemoglobin to polymerize, thereby reducing the frequency of the vaso-occlusive phenomena associated with the disease. However, benefits from HU treatment in patients have been reported in advance of increased HbF levels. Thus, it has been suggested that other hydroxyurea-dependent mechanisms may, in part, account for its clinical efficacy. We have previously demonstrated that HU is metabolized in rats to release nitric oxide and, therefore, postulated the same to occur in humans. However, to our knowledge, evidence of nitric oxide production from HU metabolism in humans has yet to be demonstrated. Here we report that oral administration of HU for the treatment of sickle cell anemia produced detectable nitrosyl hemoglobin. The nitrosyl hemoglobin complex could be detected as early as 30 min after administration and persisted up to 4 h. Our observations support the hypothesis that the ability of HU to ease the vaso-occlusive phenomena may, in part, be attributed to vasodilation and/or decreased platelet activation induced by HU-derived nitric oxide well in advance of increased HbF levels.

PMID:
10347241
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk