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Magn Reson Med. 1999 May;41(5):983-91.

3D spiral cardiac/respiratory ordered fMRI data acquisition at 3 Tesla.

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  • 1Department of Radiology, University of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.


Three-dimensional (3D), multi-shot functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data acquisitions are desirable because of higher resolution and reduced susceptibility artifacts, due to shorter readouts and thinner slices. However, 3D multi-shot techniques are more susceptible to physiological noise, which can increase inter-image variance and lead to inaccurate assessment of activation. This work presents a 3D spiral fMRI data acquisition method at 3 T in which the acquisition of views was ordered to match the phase of either the respiratory or the cardiac cycle. For the acquisition timing parameters used in this work, cardiac ordering was found to reduce inter-image variance by 19%. Cardiac ordered data acquisitions showed the same reduction in variance as sequentially ordered data with cardiac contributions estimated and removed using an externally acquired reference prior to reconstruction. Respiratory ordering showed no reduction in fluctuation noise due to poor alignment of views to the respiratory phase.

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