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J Leukoc Biol. 1999 May;65(5):700-6.

Involvement of JAK2, but not PI 3-kinase/Akt and MAP kinase pathways, in anti-apoptotic signals of GM-CSF in human eosinophils.

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  • 1Department of Medicine II, Chiba University School of Medicine, Chiba City, Japan.


Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) transmits anti-apoptotic signals in eosinophils and is involved in tissue eosinophilia at the site of allergic inflammation. We determined whether phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAP kinase) are involved in anti-apoptotic signals of GM-CSF in eosinophils. GM-CSF phosphorylated Akt, a downstream component of PI 3-kinase, and MAP kinases (ERK1 and ERK2) at 10 min after stimulation in eosinophils. GM-CSF prevented eosinophil apoptosis and sustained its survival during the 5-day culture. However, neither two PI-3 kinase inhibitors, wortmannin and LY294002, nor MEK inhibitor PD98059 inhibited GM-CSF-induced survival of eosinophils, although wortmannin and PD98059 inhibited GM-CSF-induced Akt phosphorylation and MAP kinase activation in eosinophils, respectively. In contrast, JAK2 inhibitor AG-490 inhibited both GM-CSF-induced JAK2 phosphorylation and cell survival in eosinophils. These results indicate that activation of JAK2, but not activation of PI 3-kinase/Akt and MAP kinase pathways, is critical for anti-apoptotic signals of GM-CSF in human eosinophils. Our findings suggest that manipulation of JAK2 activation would be useful for the treatment of allergic disorders.

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