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J Allergy Clin Immunol. 1999 May;103(5 Pt 1):885-94.

Differential B- and T-cell activation in Wegener's granulomatosis.

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  • 1Department of Clinical Immunology and the Department of Nephrology, University Hospital, Groningen, The Netherlands.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Autoimmune mechanisms are postulated to play a role in the development and progression of Wegener's granulomatosis (WG), a form of systemic, idiopathic necrotizing vasculitis.

OBJECTIVE:

We investigated the relation between lymphocyte activation and disease activity in patients with WG.

METHODS:

B- and T-lymphocyte activation was studied by cytometric assessment of the expression of the activation markers CD38 on B cells and CD25 and HLA-DR on CD4(+) and CD8(+) T-cell subsets, respectively. Activation at the cellular level was related to serum levels of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies and soluble IL-2 receptor, which can be regarded as soluble activation markers of B and T cells.

RESULTS:

Percentages of CD38(bright) activated B cells were higher in patients with active WG than in patients experiencing disease remission (P <.05) or in healthy control subjects (P <.05). Percentages of activated CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells were higher in patients with active WG (CD4 subset, P <.0001; CD8 subset, P <.005) than in healthy individuals. An increased percentage of activated T cells of both subsets was also seen in patients whose condition was in remission, as compared with healthy control subjects (CD4 subset, P <.0005; CD8 subset, P <. 001). Lymphocyte activation at the cellular level did not correlate with plasma levels of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies or soluble IL-2 receptor.

CONCLUSION:

In WG, B-cell activation is related to active disease, whereas T-cell activation persists during remission of the disease, which points to an intrinsic disordered immune system in this disease.

PMID:
10329824
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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