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J Biol Chem. 1999 May 21;274(21):14670-7.

Cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator regulates luminal Cl-/HCO3- exchange in mouse submandibular and pancreatic ducts.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul 120-752, Korea.


We have demonstrated previously the regulation of Cl-/HCO3- exchange activity by the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) in model systems of cells stably or transiently transfected with CFTR (Lee, M. G., Wigley, W. C., Zeng, W., Noel, L. E., Marino, C. R., Thomas, P. J., and Muallem, S. (1999) J. Biol. Chem. 274, 3414-3421). In the present work we examine the significance of this regulation in cells naturally expressing CFTR. These include the human colonic T84 cell line and the mouse submandibular gland and pancreatic ducts, tissues that express high levels of CFTR in the luminal membrane. As in heterologous expression systems, stimulation of T84 cells with forskolin increased the Cl-/HCO3- exchange activity independently of CFTR Cl- channel activity. Freshly isolated submandibular gland ducts from wild type mice showed variable Cl-/HCO3- exchange activity. Measurement of [Cl-]i revealed that this was largely the result of variable steady-state [Cl-]i. Membrane depolarization with 5 mM Ba2+ or 100 mM K+ increased and stabilized [Cl-]i. Under depolarized conditions wild type and DeltaF/DeltaF mice had comparable basal Cl-/HCO3- exchange activity. Notably, stimulation with forskolin increased Cl-/HCO3- exchange activity in submandibular gland ducts from wild type but not DeltaF/DeltaF mice. Microperfusion of the main pancreatic duct showed Cl-/HCO3- exchange activity in both the basolateral and luminal membranes. Stimulation of ducts from wild type animals with forskolin had no effect on basolateral but markedly stimulated luminal Cl-/HCO3- exchange activity. By contrast, forskolin had no effect on either basolateral or luminal Cl-/HCO3- exchange activity of ducts from DeltaF/DeltaF animals. We conclude that CFTR regulates luminal Cl-/HCO3- exchange activity in CFTR-expressing cells, and we discuss the possible physiological significance of these findings regarding cystic fibrosis.

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