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Clin Ther. 1999 Mar;21(3):464-74.

Candesartan cilexetil: comparison of once-daily versus twice-daily administration for systemic hypertension. Candesartan Cilexetil Study Investigators.

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  • 1SE Emergency Physicians, Knoxville, Tennessee, USA.

Abstract

This randomized, double-masked, placebo-controlled, forced-titration, parallel-arm study was designed to compare the blood pressure (BP)-lowering effect of candesartan cilexetil, a potent antagonist of the angiotensin II receptor subtype AT1, administered once daily with that of the same agent administered twice daily at the same total daily dose of 16 mg. After a 4- to 5-week placebo run-in period, 277 patients with a sitting diastolic BP of 95 to 109 mm Hg were randomly allocated to receive placebo (n = 92) or candesartan cilexetil 8 mg once daily for 4 weeks, followed by forced titration to either 16 mg once daily (n = 91) or 8 mg twice daily (n = 94) for 4 weeks. At 8 weeks, mean reductions in trough sitting diastolic BP were similar for the once- and twice-daily treatment groups (9.4 and 10.3 mm Hg, respectively). After 8 weeks of treatment, no statistically significant differences were observed in diastolic or systolic BP, peak or trough BP, or sitting or standing BP between the 2 active-treatment groups. The rates of positive responses (defined as a trough sitting diastolic BP of <90 mm Hg or a decrease in BP of > or =10 mm Hg) were also similar (approximately 60%) in the once- and twice-daily candesartan cilexetil groups. Furthermore, placebo-corrected trough-to-peak ratios for sitting diastolic BP exceeded 75% for both candesartan cilexetil regimens, indicating a persistent 24-hour duration of drug effect. Ambulatory BP monitoring performed in a subset of patients (n = 44) confirmed the consistent 24-hour BP-lowering effect and preservation of diurnal variation with once-daily dosing. No significant between-group differences were observed in the incidence or severity of clinical or laboratory adverse events. The results of this study suggest that identical daily doses of candesartan cilexetil administered once or twice daily have comparable efficacy and tolerability and that no additional clinical benefit is derived from twice-daily administration.

PMID:
10321416
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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