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J Biol Chem. 1999 May 14;274(20):13954-60.

Platelet-derived growth factor activates p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase through a Ras-dependent pathway that is important for actin reorganization and cell migration.

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  • 1Second Department of Internal Medicine, Chiba University School of Medicine, 1-8-1 Inohana, Chuou-ku, Chiba 260-0856, Japan. tmatsu@intmed02.m.chiba-u.ac.jp

Abstract

Members of the mitogen activated protein (MAP) kinase family, extracellular signal-regulated kinase, stress-activated protein kinase-1/c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase, and p38, are central elements that transduce the signal generated by growth factors, cytokines, and stressing agents. It is well known that the platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) activates extracellular signal-regulated kinase, which leads to cellular mitogenic response. On the other hand, the role of the other MAP kinases in mediating the cellular function of PDGF remains unclear. In the present study, we have investigated the functional role of the other MAP kinases in PDGF-mediated cellular responses. We show that ligand stimulation of PDGF receptors leads to the activation of p38 but not stress-activated protein kinase-1/c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase. Experiments using a specific inhibitor of p38, SB203580, show that the activation of p38 is required for PDGF-induced cell motility responses such as cell migration and actin reorganization but not required for PDGF-stimulated DNA synthesis. Analyses of tyrosine residue-mutated PDGF receptors show that Src homology 2 domain-containing proteins including Src family kinases, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, the GTPase-activating protein of Ras, the Src homology 2 domain-containing phosphatase SHP-2, phospholipase C-gamma, and Crk do not play a major role in mediating the PDGF-induced activation of p38. Finally, the expression of dominant-negative Ras but not dominant-negative Rac inhibited p38 activation by PDGF, suggesting that Ras is a potent mediator in the p38 activation pathway downstream of PDGF receptors. Taken together, our present study proposes the existence of a Ras-dependent pathway for the activation of p38, which is important for cell motility responses elicited by PDGF stimulation.

PMID:
10318806
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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