Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Blood. 1999 May 15;93(10):3494-504.

Interferon-gamma prevents apoptosis in Epstein-Barr virus-infected natural killer cell leukemia in an autocrine fashion.

Author information

  • 1First Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.

Abstract

The significant function of cytokines includes maintenance of cell survival as well as induction of cell differentiation and/or proliferation. We demonstrate here that interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) plays a role for progression of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-infected natural killer cell leukemia (NK leukemia) through maintaining cell survival. NK leukemia cells obtained from 7 patients had clonal episomal forms of EBV, indicating that the leukemic cells were of clonal origin. Although normal NK cells constitutively expressed Bcl-2, the EBV-infected NK leukemia cells lacked endogenous Bcl-2 expression and were hypersensitive to apoptosis in vitro. The addition of IFN-gamma to the culture significantly inhibited their spontaneous apoptosis without inducing cell proliferation or upregulation of Bcl-2. The NK leukemia cells constitutively secreted IFN-gamma, and the patients' sera contained a high concentration of IFN-gamma, levels that were high enough to prevent NK leukemia cells from apoptosis. Bcl-XL was not involved in the IFN-gamma-induced NK leukemia cell survival. These data suggest that the acquisition of IFN-gamma-mediated autocrine survival signals, other than Bcl-2 or BCL-XL, might be important for the development of EBV-infected NK leukemia.

PMID:
10233902
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk