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J Appl Physiol (1985). 1999 May;86(5):1610-6.

Effects of feeding frequency and voluntary salt intake on fluid and electrolyte regulation in athletic horses.

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  • 1Department of Animal Physiology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, S-750 07 Uppsala, Sweden. Anna.Jansson@difys.slu.se

Abstract

The effect of feeding frequency and voluntary sodium intake (VSI) on fluid shifts and plasma aldosterone concentration (PAC) were studied at rest and after exercise in six athletic horses. The horses were fed twice a day (2TD) and six times a day (6TD) for 25 days for each protocol, according to a changeover design. VSI was measured by weighing each horse's salt block daily. Feeding 2TD or 6TD caused no major alterations in fluid shifts, but in the 2TD treatment there was a postprandial increase in plasma protein concentration and osmolality that lasted <1 h. PAC and VSI were not affected by feeding frequency. VSI ranged from 0 to 62 mg x kg body weight-1 x day-1 and caused significant alterations in PAC. At VSI <26 mg x kg body weight-1 x day-1, a diurnal rhythm for PAC was noted. Water intake, fecal concentrations of sodium and potassium, and packed cell volume during exercise were influenced by VSI. The response to exercise did not differ between treatments. In conclusion, VSI, but not feeding frequency, has significant effects on fluid and electrolyte regulation in athletic horses.

PMID:
10233125
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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