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Neurology. 1999 Apr 22;52(7):1440-6.

Spectrum of clinical and electrophysiologic features in HNPP patients with the 17p11.2 deletion.

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  • 1Service d'Explorations Fonctionnelles, Neurologie, Paris, France.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To study the clinical and electrophysiologic features of a large series of carriers of the 17p11.2 deletion.

BACKGROUND:

The 17p11.2 deletion is associated in most patients with recurrent acute nerve palsies, which is the typical presentation of hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies (HNPP). Nevertheless, a few other phenotypes have been reported.

METHODS:

On the basis of clinical and electrophysiologic data, the authors conducted a retrospective study of 99 individuals with the 17p11.2 deletion referred to their neurogenetic department between 1993 and 1997.

RESULTS:

In addition to the typical presentation of HNPP, they describe five other phenotypes in 15 patients: recurrent positional short-term sensory symptoms, progressive mononeuropathy, Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease-like polyneuropathy, chronic sensory polyneuropathy, and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy-like, recurrent subacute polyneuropathy; and 14 asymptomatic patients. In all the deletion carriers, regardless of their phenotype and by the second decade, the authors found a characteristic, multifocal electrophysiologic neuropathy consisting of a diffuse increase in distal motor latencies contrasting with normal or moderately reduced motor nerve conduction velocities, a diffuse reduction in sensory nerve action potential, and multiple focal slowing of nerve conduction at the usual sites of entrapment. The key diagnostic criterion is a bilateral slowing of sensory and motor nerve conduction at the carpal tunnel with at least one abnormal parameter for motor conduction in one peroneal nerve.

CONCLUSION:

The authors confirm the clinical phenotypic heterogeneity of the 17p11.2 deletion and suggest that electrophysiologic examination is a reliable tool for screening suspected HNPP patients in its various clinical presentations.

PMID:
10227632
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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