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Neurology. 1999 Apr 22;52(7):1338-44.

A double-blind, randomized trial of topiramate as adjunctive therapy for partial-onset seizures in children. Topiramate YP Study Group.

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  • 1Dallas Pediatric Neurology Associates, TX 75230, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the efficacy and safety of topiramate 6 mg/kg/day in children (age 2 to 16 years) as adjunctive therapy for uncontrolled partial-onset seizures with or without secondarily generalized seizures in a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.

METHODS:

Patients with at least six partial-onset seizures during the 8-week baseline phase were treated with either topiramate (n = 41) or placebo (n = 45) for 16 weeks.

RESULTS:

Topiramate-treated patients had a greater median percent reduction from baseline in average monthly partial-onset seizure rate than placebo-treated patients (33.1% versus 10.5%, p = 0.034), a greater proportion of treatment responders (i.e., patients with a > or = 50% seizure rate reduction; 16 of 41 [39%] versus 9 of 45 [20%], p = 0.080), and patients with a > or = 75% seizure rate reduction (7 of 41 [17%] versus 1 of 45 [2%], p = 0.019), and better parental global evaluations of improvement in seizure severity (p = 0.019). Emotional lability (12% versus 4%), fatigue (15% versus 7%), difficulty with concentration or attention (12% versus 2%), and forgetfulness/impaired memory (7% versus 0%) were more frequent among topiramate-treated than placebo-treated patients. Most treatment-emergent adverse events were mild or moderate in severity. No topiramate-treated patients discontinued the study due to adverse events.

CONCLUSIONS:

Topiramate was safe and effective in the treatment of partial-onset seizures in children.

PMID:
10227615
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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