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J Adolesc Health. 1999 Apr;24(4):244-50.

Knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to fruit and vegetable consumption of high school students.

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  • 1Tulane Center for Cardiovascular Health, Tulane School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana 70112-2824, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To assess the level of nutrition knowledge, attitudes and practices related to fruit and vegetable consumption of high school students attending participating parochial schools in the New Orleans area.

METHODS:

The baseline data reported in this study, "Gimme 5: A Fresh Nutrition Concept for Students," represents one of the nine National Cancer Institute-funded projects from the national "5-A-Day for Better Health Program" initiated in 1991. A survey containing 22 nutrition-related items about fruit and vegetables was used to assess knowledge in 2213 students.

RESULTS:

On average, adolescents reported 39% correct knowledge scores. A significant ethnic effect (p < .001) was noted, with White adolescents scoring higher than African American adolescents. Significant ethnic differences in the frequency of fruit and vegetable consumption were also observed, with African-American adolescents reporting a lower mean consumption (2.17 servings) than white adolescents (2.69 servings). Consumption by Hispanic youth (2.48 servings) was similar to those in the "other" ethnic category (2.55 servings). Girls reported being more confident in their ability to eat five servings of fruits and vegetables per day than did boys (p < .05).

CONCLUSIONS:

Although the knowledge and consumption levels of adolescents with regard to fruits and vegetables were low, their attitudes toward learning about healthier eating practices were favorable.

PMID:
10227343
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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