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J Biol Chem. 1999 May 7;274(19):13025-32.

Co-stimulation of promoter for low density lipoprotein receptor gene by sterol regulatory element-binding protein and Sp1 is specifically disrupted by the yin yang 1 protein.

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  • 1Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry, University of California, Irvine, California 92697, USA.

Abstract

Sterol regulation of gene expression in mammalian cells is mediated by an interaction between the cholesterol-sensitive sterol regulatory element-binding proteins (SREBPs) and promoter-specific but generic co-regulatory transcription factors such as Sp1 and NF-Y/CBF. Thus, sterol-regulated promoters that require different co-regulatory factors could be regulated independently through targeting the specific interaction between the SREBPs and the individual co-regulatory proteins. In the present studies we demonstrate that transiently expressed yin yang 1 protein (YY1) inhibits the SREBP-mediated activation of the low density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor in a sensitive and dose-dependent manner. The inhibition is independent of YY1 binding directly to the LDL receptor promoter, and we show that the same region of YY1 that interacts in solution with Sp1 also interacts with SREBP. Furthermore, other SREBP-regulated genes that are not co-regulated by Sp1 are either not affected at all or are not as sensitive to the repression. Thus, the specific interaction that occurs between SREBPs and Sp1 to stimulate the LDL receptor promoter is a specific target for inhibition by the YY1 protein, and we provide evidence that the mechanism can be at least partially explained by the ability of YY1 to inhibit the interaction between SREBP and Sp1 in solution in vitro. The LDL receptor is the key gene of cholesterol uptake, and the rate-controlling genes of cholesterol synthesis are stimulated by the concerted action of SREBPs along with coregulators that are distinct from Sp1. Therefore, repression of gene expression through specifically targeting the interaction between SREBP and Sp1 would provide a molecular mechanism to explain how cholesterol uptake can be regulated independently from cholesterol biosynthesis in mammalian cells.

PMID:
10224053
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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