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Urology. 1999 May;53(5):908-12.

Results of pyeloureterostomy after ureterovesical anastomosis complications in renal transplantation.

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  • 1Service de Chirurgie Urologique, Hospital Henri Mondor, Créteil, France.



The most frequent urologic complications after renal transplantation involve the ureterovesical anastomosis (ie, leakage, stenosis, and reflux), with a frequency of 1% to 30% in different series. We present the results of pyeloureterostomy using the recipient's ureter.


From 1988 to 1996, 570 cadaveric renal grafts were performed at our institution. A Lich Gregoir ureterovesical anastomosis was used in every case. Complications involving the anastomosis occurred in 19 cases (3.3%), with 10 stenoses (1.7%), 6 cases of leakage (1.1%), and 3 of reflux (0.5%). The mean donor age was 36.2 years, and the mean duration of cold ischemia was 29.4 hours. The mean recipient age was 41.3 years. Corrective surgery was performed 0.09 years (range 0.01 to 0.22) after transplantation for leakage, 1.13 years (range 0.14 to 5.11) for stenosis, and 5.55 years (range 0.51 to 9.71) for reflux. The recipient's ureter was stented with a ureteral catheter before median laparotomy, except in 3 cases of early leakage (less than 3 days). The recipient's ureter was cut, without the need for ipsilateral nephrectomy, and sutured to the graft pelvis. A nephroureterostomia stent (Gil Vernet stent) (12 cases) or a double J ureteral stent (7 cases) was used for urinary drainage.


One graft was lost on day 1 through renal vein thrombosis. Percutaneous nephrostomy was performed on day 2 to clear an obstruction of the double J ureteral stent in one case, and a double J ureteral stent was inserted on day 2 because the nephrouretrostomia stent was incorrectly positioned in another case. Pyelographic controls on day 15 were normal in every case. The mean follow-up was 2.25 years (range 0.24 to 6.1) (2.9 years for leakage, 2.08 years for stenosis, and 1.44 years for reflux). One patient died with a functional graft 3 years after surgery. One graft was lost 4 years after surgery through chronic rejection. There were no complications affecting the ipsilateral kidney. No further ureteral complications occurred after surgery. The mean creatinine level 3 years after surgery was 1.59 mg/dL.


Pyeloureterostomy is a safe and permanent treatment for complications of ureterovesical anastomosis and gives excellent results. The technique requires stenting of the recipient's ureter and graft drainage with a nephroureterostomia stent or a double J ureteral stent.

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