Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Arch Biochem Biophys. 1999 May 1;365(1):123-30.

Identification of a transcription factor that binds to the promoter region of the human parathyroid hormone gene.

Author information

  • 1Department of Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA.


A putative transcription factor binds a site adjacent to the negative vitamin D responsive element (VDRE) in the promoter region of the human parathyroid hormone gene. Deletion and mutation analysis reveal the binding site for this factor overlaps with the proximal repeat element of the VDRE. It includes additional nucleotides at the 3' end of the VDRE. This site has the sequence TTTGAACCTATAGTTGAGAT and a core sequence TGAACCTAT needed for binding of the factor. Experiments with specific anti-vitamin D receptor (VDR) antibodies demonstrate that VDR is not found in the factor/DNA complex. However, removing the VDR from the nuclear extract by immunoprecipitation eliminated the binding complex, and the addition of recombinant VDR to the depleted extract did not restore the factor's ability to bind to the DNA, suggesting that the factor and VDR are closely associated. Transfection experiments with various reporter constructs indicate that the factor is required for the high transcriptional activity of the human PTH gene. This high activity is significantly suppressed by 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3. This factor seems to be expressed in several cell types including rat osteoblasts and pituitary. Additionally, some human cancer cell lines express a high level of this factor.

Copyright 1999 Academic Press.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk