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Free Radic Biol Med. 1999 Mar;26(5-6):656-60.

Increased urinary F2-isoprostane excretion in alcoholic liver disease.

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  • 1Division of Digestive Diseases and Nutrition, University of Kentucky, Lexington, USA.


Free radical-induced lipid peroxidation (LP) is thought to be important in alcoholic liver disease (ALD), however, direct demonstration of increased LP in patients with ALD has been difficult. Quantification of F2-isoprostanes (F2-isoP), prostanoids produced by peroxidation of arachidonic acid, in plasma and urine are sensitive and specific indices of LP in vivo. To determine if LP is increased in ALD, 24-h urinary excretion of F2-isoPs were measured in 10 patients hospitalized because of ALD. The mean urinary excretion of the F2-isoP in the ALD patients' urine was 9.6+/-3.5 ng/mg creatinine, which was significantly elevated compared to controls' urinary excretion, which was 1.7+/-0.2 ng/mg creatinine (p<.01). The urinary excretion of F2-isoP decreased to 3.6+/-1.1 ng/mg creatinine as the patients improved clinically with abstinence over the 1-month period. These data suggest that lipid peroxidation, as assessed by this noninvasive method, is increased in patients with acute ALD and decreases with time as the patients improve clinically with abstinence.

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