Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Chest. 1999 Apr;115(4):957-65.

Efficacy of salmeterol xinafoate in the treatment of COPD.

Author information

  • 1Dartmouth Medical School, Lebanon, NH, USA. Donald.a.mahler@hitchcock.org

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVES:

To examine and compare the efficacy and safety of salmeterol xinafoate, a long-acting inhaled beta2-adrenergic agonist, with inhaled ipratropium bromide and inhaled placebo in patients with COPD.

DESIGN:

A stratified, randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, placebo-controlled, parallel group clinical trial.

SETTING:

Multiple sites at clinics and university medical centers throughout the United States.

PATIENTS:

Four hundred eleven symptomatic patients with COPD with FEV1 < or = 65% predicted and no clinically significant concurrent disease.

INTERVENTIONS:

Comparison of inhaled salmeterol (42 microg twice daily), inhaled ipratropium bromide (36 microg four times a day), and inhaled placebo (2 puffs four times a day) over 12 weeks.

RESULTS:

Salmeterol xinafoate was significantly (p < 0.0001) better than placebo and ipratropium in improving lung function at the recommended doses over the 12-week trial. Both salmeterol and ipratropium reduced dyspnea related to activities of daily living compared with placebo; this improvement was associated with reduced use of supplemental albuterol. Analyses of time to first COPD exacerbation revealed salmeterol to be superior to placebo and ipratropium (p < 0.05). Adverse effects were similar among the three treatments.

CONCLUSIONS:

These collective data support the use of salmeterol as first-line bronchodilator therapy for the long-term treatment of airflow obstruction in patients with COPD.

Comment in

PMID:
10208192
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk