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J Biol Chem. 1999 Apr 23;274(17):11897-903.

Activation of the GP IIb-IIIa complex induced by platelet adhesion to collagen is mediated by both alpha2beta1 integrin and GP VI.

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  • 1Otsuka America Pharmaceutical Inc., Rockville, Maryland 20850, USA.

Abstract

alpha2beta1 integrin, CD36, and GP VI have all been implicated in platelet-collagen adhesive interactions. We have investigated the role of these glycoproteins on activation of the GP IIb-IIIa complex induced by platelet adhesion to type I fibrillar and monomeric collagen under static conditions. In the presence of Mg2+, platelet adhesion to fibrillar collagen induced activation of the GP IIb-IIIa complex and complete spreading. Anti-alpha2beta1 integrin and anti-GP VI antibodies inhibited the activation of the GP IIb-IIIa complex by about 40 and 50%, respectively, at 60 min although minimal inhibitory effects on adhesion were seen. Platelet spreading was markedly reduced by anti-alpha2beta1 integrin antibody. The combination of anti-alpha2beta1 integrin with anti-GP VI antibody completely inhibited both platelet adhesion and activation of the GP IIb-IIIa complex. Anti-CD36 antibody had no significant effects on platelet adhesion, spreading, and the activation of the GP IIb-IIIa complex at 60 min. Aspirin and the thromboxane A2 receptor antagonist SQ29548 inhibited activation of the GP IIb-IIIa complex about 30% but had minimal inhibitory effect on adhesion. In the absence of Mg2+, there was significant activation of the GP IIb-IIIa complex but minimal spreading was observed. Anti-GP VI antibody completely inhibited adhesion whereas no effect was observed with anti-alpha2beta1 integrin antibody. Anti-CD36 antibody partially inhibited both adhesion and the activation of the GP IIb-IIIa complex. Platelet adhesion to monomeric collagen, which requires Mg2+ and is exclusively mediated by alpha2beta1 integrin, resulted in partial activation of the GPIIb-IIIa complex and spreading. No significant effects were observed by anti-CD36 and anti-GP VI antibodies. These results suggest that both alpha2beta1 integrin and GP VI are involved in inside-out signaling leading to activation of the GP IIb-IIIa complex after platelet adhesion to collagen and generation of thromboxane A2 may further enhance expression of activated GP IIb-IIIa complexes.

PMID:
10207010
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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