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Am J Hum Genet. 1999 May;64(5):1453-63.

Genomewide scan for familial combined hyperlipidemia genes in finnish families, suggesting multiple susceptibility loci influencing triglyceride, cholesterol, and apolipoprotein B levels.

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  • 1Department of Human Molecular Genetics, National Public Health Institute and Department of Medical Genetics, University of Helsinki, Germany.


Familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL) is a common dyslipidemia predisposing to premature coronary heart disease (CHD). The disease is characterized by increased levels of serum total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TGs), or both. We recently localized the first locus for FCHL, on chromosome 1q21-q23. In the present study, a genomewide screen for additional FCHL loci was performed. In stage 1, we genotyped 368 polymorphic markers in 35 carefully characterized Finnish FCHL families. We identified six chromosomal regions with markers showing LOD score (Z) values >1.0, by using a dominant mode of inheritance for the FCHL trait. In addition, two more regions emerged showing Z>2.0 with a TG trait. In stage 2, we genotyped 26 more markers and seven additional FCHL families for these interesting regions. Two chromosomal regions revealed Z>2.0 in the linkage analysis: 10p11.2, Z=3.20 (theta=.00), with the TG trait; and 21q21, Z=2.24 (theta=.10), with the apoB trait. Furthermore, two more chromosomal regions produced Z>2.0 in the affected-sib-pair analysis: 10q11.2-10qter produced Z=2.59 with the TC trait and Z=2.29 with FCHL, and 2q31 produced Z=2.25 with the TG trait. Our results suggest additional putative loci influencing FCHL in Finnish families, some potentially affecting TG levels and some potentially affecting TC or apoB levels.

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