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Gac Med Mex. 1999 Jan-Feb;135(1):53-65.

[Medical pathology due to trinucleotide repeats].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

  • 1Unidad de Investigacíon Médica en Genética Humana, Centro Médico Nacional Siglo XXI, IMSS, D.F.


Trinucleotide repeat expansion is responsible for ten human diseases described so far. Four types of repeats are involved in these expansions, with type, number and position in the gene varying from one disease to another. In some fragile sites, the trinucleotide repeat is found to be enlarged to 200 or more. Smaller expansions have been found within coding regions of some genes that are associated with neurodegenerative diseases, such as Huntington's disease. The continuous expansion of the trinucleotide repeats in subsequent generations explains the genetic anticipation, peculiar to these disorders. Recently, it was shown that two expanded minisatellite sequences are also involved in both progressive myoclonus epilepsy type 1 and distamycin A-sensitive fragile site, FRA16B. This form of peculiar heredity is very important because of its relationship with some of the common human degenerative diseases.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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