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Plant Physiol. 1999 Apr;119(4):1465-72.

Slow and prolonged activation of the p47 protein kinase during hypersensitive cell death in a culture of tobacco cells

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  • 1Plant Molecular Biology Laboratory, National Institute of Bioscience and Human Technology, Agency of Industrial Science and Technology, Ministry of International Trade and Industry, 1-1 Higashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8566, Japan.


To investigate the involvement of protein kinases in the signaling cascade that leads to hypersensitive cell death, we used a previously established system in which a fungal elicitor, xylanase from Trichoderma viride (TvX), induces a hypersensitive reaction in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) cells in culture (line XD6S). The elicitor induced the slow and prolonged activation of a p47 protein kinase, which has the characteristics of a family member of the mitogen-activated protein kinases. An inhibitor of protein kinases, staurosporine, and a blocker of Ca channels, Gd3+ ions, both of which blocked the TvX-induced hypersensitive cell death, inhibited the TvX-induced activation of p47 protein kinase. Moreover, an inhibitor of serine/threonine protein phosphatase alone induced both rapid cell death and the persistent activation of the p47 protein kinase. Thus, the p47 protein kinase might be a component of the signal transduction pathway that leads to hypersensitive cell death, and the regulation of the duration of activation of the p47 protein kinase might be important in determining the destiny of tobacco cells.

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