Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1999 Apr;159(4 Pt 1):1284-8.

Exhaled nitric oxide concentrations during treatment of wheezing exacerbation in infants and young children.

Author information

  • 1Departments of Pediatrics and Anesthesia and Intensive Care, University of Padova, School of Medicine, Padova, Italy. eugi@child.pedi.unipd.it

Abstract

While it is known that exhaled nitric oxide (ENO) is increased in adults and school children with asthma exacerbation probably as an expression of disease activity, no studies have investigated whether this phenomenon also occurs in infants and young children with recurrent wheeze exacerbation. We measured ENO in 13 young children (mean age 20.2 mo) with recurrent wheeze (Group 1) during an acute episode and after 5 d of oral prednisone therapy. ENO was measured also in nine healthy control subjects (Group 2) (mean age 16.9 mo) and in six children with a first-time viral wheezy episode (Group 3) (mean age 11 mo). To measure ENO, infants inhaled NO-free air via a face mask from a reservoir and, through a nonrebreathing valve, exhaled in a collecting bag that was analyzed by chemiluminescence. To address the question of whether the levels of ENO collected in the bag are a reflection of the pulmonary airway, ENO determinations were performed in two healthy infants before and after tracheal intubation for elective surgery. During the acute episode of wheezing the mean (+/- SEM) value of ENO in children with recurrent wheeze (Group 1) was 14.1 +/- 1.8 ppb, almost threefold higher than in healthy control subjects (5.6 +/- 0.5 ppb, p < 0.001). After steroid therapy we found a mean fall of 52% in ENO (5.9 +/- 0.7 ppb, p < 0.01) compared with baseline values. ENO values measured before and after intubation in two infants were 6 ppb and 5 ppb in one child and 7 ppb and 6 ppb in the other one. The mean value of ENO of children with first-time wheeze (Group 3) was 8.3 +/- 1.3 ppb, significantly lower (p < 0.05) than the value of children with recurrent wheeze (Group 1). In conclusion, we describe a method to measure ENO in young children and show that infants with recurrent wheeze have elevated levels of ENO during exacerbation that rapidly decrease after steroid therapy. This suggests that, in these children, airway inflammation could be present at a very early stage.

PMID:
10194178
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Atypon
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk