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Viral Immunol. 1998;11(4):245-52.

Immunization against hepatitis B virus by mucosal administration of antigen-antibody complexes.

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  • 1Loeb Health Research Institute, Ottawa, Canada.


Antigen-antibody complexes have been shown to enhance immune responses against several antigens given by parenteral immunization. Herein, we have evaluated the potential of administering such immunostimulatory complexes by a mucosal route. Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) complexed with antibodies against HBsAg (anti-HBs) (HBsAg/Ab) was administered to BALB/c mice by intranasal inhalation. HBsAg by itself did not induce immune responses, whereas with HBsAg/Ab complexes, both systemic and mucosal immune responses were observed and these could be modulated by adjuvants. With HBsAg/Ab (1 or 10 microg), anti-HBs antibodies induced were predominantly of the IgG1 isotype (Th2-like). In contrast, anti-HBs induced by HBsAg/Ab plus cholera toxin (CT) or oligodeoxynucleotides (ODN) containing immunostimulatory CpG motifs (CpG) (1 microg each) were predominantly IgG2a (Th1-like). Results from this study indicate that HBsAg/Ab complexes can induce strong humoral immune responses when delivered by a noninvasive route, whether used alone or in combination with other mucosal adjuvants.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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