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J Am Acad Dermatol. 1999 Apr;40(4):577-82.

Long-term application of extracorporeal photochemotherapy in severe atopic dermatitis.

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  • 1Department of Dermatology, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, FRG.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Extracorporeal photochemotherapy (ECP) using UVA irradiation of enriched leukocytes in the presence of methoxsalen as a photoactivatable substrate has been employed for the treatment of several immunologically mediated disorders.

OBJECTIVE:

Our purpose was to determine the efficacy and safety of long-term ECP in the treatment of severe atopic dermatitis.

METHODS:

Fourteen patients with severe recalcitrant atopic dermatitis were treated with ECP in an open clinical trial at 2-week intervals. Disease activity was scored before each ECP cycle by means of a standardized protocol.

RESULTS:

A complete clinical remission was achieved in 4 patients (29%). Five patients (36%) experienced a substantial response with reduction of skin inflammation by at least 75%, whereas in one patient (7%) disease activity was reduced by more than 50%. Four patients were withdrawn from the study for unresponsiveness. No clinical signs of immunosuppression or other severe adverse events became evident.

CONCLUSION:

Long-term ECP may have significant beneficial effects on the course of atopic dermatitis and should therefore be considered as a treatment modality for patients suffering from severe and otherwise refractory atopic skin disease.

PMID:
10188677
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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