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Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 1995 Dec;6(6):104-7.

Ocular manifestations of various systemic diseases.

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  • 1Department of Ophthalmology, American University of Beirut, Lebanon.


Transsphenoidal encephalocele is associated with tongue-shaped retinochoroidal coloboma and optic disc dysplasia. Non-Graves' orbital polymyositis is associated with giant cell myocarditis. Ocular embolic disease can result from papillary fibroelastoma of the heart. Cutaneous melanoma can metastasize to the eye in the form of intraocular pigment without a discrete mass leading to heterochromia, glaucoma, and visual loss. Patients with atopic dermatitis are prone to develop retinal detachment similar in configuration to traumatic retinal detachment. The retinal hamartomas in tuberous sclerosis are usually stable, but occasionally the hamartomas show new or increased calcification, and rarely new lesions appear de novo.

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