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J Bacteriol. 1978 Oct;136(1):35-48.

Iron in Neisseria meningitidis: minimum requirements, effects of limitation, and characteristics of uptake.

Abstract

A simple defined medium (neisseria defined medium) was devised that does not require iron extraction to produce iron-limited growth of Neisseria meningitidis (SDIC). Comparison of this medium to Mueller-Hinton broth and agar showed nearly identical growth rates and yields. The defined medium was used in batch cultures to determine the disappearance of iron from the medium and its uptake by cells. To avoid a number of problems inherent in batch culture, continuous culture, in which iron and dissolved oxygen were varied independently, was used. Most of the cellular iron was found to be nonheme and associated with the particulate fraction in sonically disrupted cells. Nonheme and catalase-heme iron were reduced by iron starvation far more than cytochromes b and c and N,N,N',N'-tetramethylphenylenediamine-oxidase. The respiration rate and efficiency also decreased under iron limitation, whereas generation times increased. The iron-starved meningococcus took up iron by an energy-independent system operating in the first minute after an iron pulse and a slower energy-dependent system inhibited by respiratory poisons and an uncoupler. The energy-dependent system showed saturation kinetics and was stimulated nearly fourfold by iron privation. In addition, to determine the availability to the meningococcus of the iron in selected compounds, a sensitive assay was devised in which an iron-limited continuous culture was pulsed with the iron-containing compound.

PMID:
101516
PMCID:
PMC218629
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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