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J Appl Biomater. 1993 Fall;4(3):241-7.

Influence of surgeon's tying technique on knot security.

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  • 1Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville 22908.


The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of the surgeon's tying technique on knot security using 0 and 2-0 monofilament and multifilament nylon sutures. Using an Instron Tensile Tester and a portable tensiometer, knot security was achieved with these sutures using four-throw square knots (1 = 1 = 1 = 1). After didactic and psychomotor skill training, medical students were taught to construct the four-throw square knot using either a two-hand tie or an instrument tie. Using the portable tensiometer, their knot tying techniques were judged to be superior to those used by surgeons. The surgeon's faulty technique can easily be corrected by didactic information and psychomotor skill training.

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