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Hosp Health Serv Adm. 1994 Spring;39(1):3-16.

Hospital markups: responses to environmental pressures in Pennsylvania.

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  • 1School of Management, Widener University, Chester, PA 19013.


The practice of cost shifting has stirred interest in hospital pricing policy. This study examined the determinants of the markup ratio, a summary measure of the hospital's pricing policy, in Pennsylvania acute care hospitals. The results indicate that severity of illness and the proportion of revenue earned from Medicare and Medicaid were the most important factors influencing markups. Other significant factors included extensive teaching activities and county per capita income.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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