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Pediatrics. 1999 Apr;103(4 Pt 1):783-90.

A case-control study of necrotizing fasciitis during primary varicella.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital and Regional Medical Center/University of Washington, Seattle 98105-0371, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

An increase in the incidence of necrotizing fasciitis (NF) occurring in previously healthy children with primary varicella was noted in the Washington State area between December 1993 and June 1995. Our objective was to investigate ibuprofen use and other risk factors for NF in the setting of primary varicella.

METHODS:

Case-control study. Demographic information, clinical parameters, and potential risk factors for NF were compared for cases and controls. Cases of NF were analyzed to identify potential determinants of NF complicated by renal insufficiency and/or streptococcal toxic shock syndrome. Multivariate logistic regression was used to evaluate the association between ibuprofen use and NF. A case was defined as a child with NF hospitalized within 3 weeks of primary varicella (n = 19). Controls were children hospitalized with a soft tissue infection other than NF within 3 weeks of primary varicella (n = 29). Odds ratios (ORs) of ibuprofen, as well as other potential risk factors were evaluated. In addition, demographic and clinical data as well as other potential risk factors were compared between cases and controls.

RESULTS:

After controlling for gender, age, and group A streptococcus isolation, cases were more likely than controls to have used ibuprofen before hospitalization (OR, 11. 5; 95% confidence interval, 1.4 to 96.9). In most children, ibuprofen was initiated after the onset of symptoms of secondary infection. Children with NF complicated by renal insufficiency and/or streptococcal toxic shock syndrome were more likely than children with uncomplicated NF to have used ibuprofen (OR, 16.0; 95% confidence interval, 1.0 to 825.0). Children with complicated NF also had a higher mean maximum temperature (40.9 degrees C vs 39.3 degrees C), and a longer mean duration of secondary symptoms (1.7 days vs 0.6 days) before admission than children with uncomplicated NF.

CONCLUSION:

Ibuprofen use was associated with NF in the setting of primary varicella. Additional studies are needed to establish whether ibuprofen use has a causal role in the development of NF and its complications during varicella.

PMID:
10103303
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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