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Neurology. 1999 Mar 23;52(5):1010-4.

Sensorineural deafness in X-linked Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease with connexin 32 mutation (R142Q)

Author information

  • 1Department of Neurology, University of Lille, France. t-stojkovic@chru-lille.fr

Erratum in

  • Neurology 1999 Jun 10;52(9):1952.



To report a family with X-linked Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMTX) with proven connexin 32 (Cx32) mutation associated with deafness.


Twelve members of a CMTX family were examined clinically. Electromyography and sensory and motor conduction studies were performed in three men, two women, and a 7-year-old boy. Audiometric testing was carried out in the three men, one woman, and an 8-year-old girl. Molecular genetic analysis was performed in six men and five women.


The three men and the 7-year-old boy had the usual sensorimotor deficit and pronounced reduction of motor nerve conduction velocity. A 15-year-old boy was asymptomatic and had only areflexia. The women had impairment of vibratory sensation and slight slowing of nerve conduction velocities. Sensorineural deafness was observed in the three men and in an 8-year-old girl without any motor or sensory deficit. Molecular genetic analysis revealed a new missense mutation located in codon 142 of the Cx32 gene leading to the substitution of an arginine by a glutamine.


CMTX due to Cx32 mutations often shows interfamilial and intrafamilial phenotypic variation, which is also the hallmark of this family. The sensorineural deafness observed in this family suggests that Cx32 could play an important role in the auditory pathway.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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