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Cell. 1999 Mar 19;96(6):795-806.

Slit proteins bind Robo receptors and have an evolutionarily conserved role in repulsive axon guidance.

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  • 1Department of Anatomy, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, University of California, San Francisco 94143-0452, USA.

Abstract

Extending axons in the developing nervous system are guided in part by repulsive cues. Genetic analysis in Drosophila, reported in a companion to this paper, identifies the Slit protein as a candidate ligand for the repulsive guidance receptor Roundabout (Robo). Here we describe the characterization of three mammalian Slit homologs and show that the Drosophila Slit protein and at least one of the mammalian Slit proteins, Slit2, are proteolytically processed and show specific, high-affinity binding to Robo proteins. Furthermore, recombinant Slit2 can repel embryonic spinal motor axons in cell culture. These results support the hypothesis that Slit proteins have an evolutionarily conserved role in axon guidance as repulsive ligands for Robo receptors.

PMID:
10102268
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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