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J Hypertens. 1999 Jan;17(1):81-9.

Renin-angiotensin system and fibronectin gene expression in Dahl Iwai salt-sensitive and salt-resistant rats.

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  • 1Department of Internal Medicine II, Yokohama City University School of Medicine, Japan. tamukou@yellow.med.yokohama-cu.ac.jp

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The tissue renin-angiotensin system and extracellular matrix are involved in the cardiovascular hypertrophy and remodeling induced by hypertension. In this study, we examined the gene expression of the tissue renin-angiotensin system and fibronectin in inbred Dahl Iwai salt-sensitive and salt-resistant rats.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Eight pairs of 6-week-old male Dahl Iwai salt-sensitive and salt-resistant rats were fed either a low- or high-salt diet (0.3% or 8% NaCl, respectively) for 4 weeks. Activities of the circulating renin-angiotensin system were measured by radioimmunoassay and the gene expression of tissue angiotensinogen, the angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1) and fibronectin were analyzed by Northern blot analysis.

RESULTS:

Salt loading significantly increased blood pressure and produced cardiovascular hypertrophy and nephrosclerosis in the salt-sensitive rats. Activities of the circulating renin-angiotensin system were lower in salt-sensitive rats than in salt-resistant rats fed the low-salt diet, and salt loading lowered these activities in salt-resistant rats but not in salt-sensitive rats. In salt-resistant rats, salt loading increased renal, cardiac and aortic angiotensinogen, AT1 and fibronectin messenger (m)RNA expression except for aortic fibronectin mRNA expression. In contrast, in the salt-sensitive rats, salt loading stimulated the expression of cardiac fibronectin and aortic angiotensinogen, AT1 and fibronectin mRNAs. Furthermore, the cardiac and aortic fibronectin mRNA levels in salt-sensitive rats were higher than those in salt-resistant rats when both strains were fed the high-salt diet.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results demonstrate that the expression of tissue angiotensinogen, AT1 and fibronectin mRNAs is regulated differently in Dahl Iwai salt-sensitive and salt-resistant rats, and indicate that salt-mediated hypertension activates the cardiac fibronectin gene independently of the tissue renin-angiotensin system and stimulates the aortic fibronectin gene with activation of the tissue renin-angiotensin system.

PMID:
10100098
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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