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Science. 1999 Mar 26;283(5410):2083-5.

Inhibition of myosin light chain kinase by p21-activated kinase.

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  • 1Departments of Immunology and Cell Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.

Abstract

p21-activated kinases (PAKs) are implicated in the cytoskeletal changes induced by the Rho family of guanosine triphosphatases. Cytoskeletal dynamics are primarily modulated by interactions of actin and myosin II that are regulated by myosin light chain kinase (MLCK)-mediated phosphorylation of the regulatory myosin light chain (MLC). p21-activated kinase 1 (PAK1) phosphorylates MLCK, resulting in decreased MLCK activity. MLCK activity and MLC phosphorylation were decreased, and cell spreading was inhibited in baby hamster kidney-21 and HeLa cells expressing constitutively active PAK1. These data indicate that MLCK is a target for PAKs and that PAKs may regulate cytoskeletal dynamics by decreasing MLCK activity and MLC phosphorylation.

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PMID:
10092231
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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