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Arch Pathol Lab Med. 1999 Mar;123(3):213-21.

Protease expression in dedifferentiated parosteal osteosarcoma.

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  • 1Institute of Pathology, Otto-von-Guericke Universtiy, Magdeburg, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Parosteal osteosarcoma with dedifferentiation provides a useful model to study tumor progression from an indolent locally aggressive neoplasm to highly lethal metastasizing malignancy. Up-regulation of the proteolytic enzymes participating in stromal degradation is known to promote invasive growth and metastasis of several human and experimental tumors.

METHODS:

The expression patterns of urokinasase plasminogen activator (u-PA), its cell-surface receptor (u-PAR), and cathepsin B were analyzed by immunohistochemical techniques in 11 cases of parosteal osteosarcoma and in 4 cases of dedifferentiated parosteal osteosarcoma.

RESULTS:

Both enzymes and the receptor were coexpressed in most tumor cells of parosteal and dedifferentiated parosteal osteosarcoma. Their expression was strikingly enhanced in the dedifferentiated high-grade component of the tumors. Tumor cells involved in bone production (ie, those adjacent to tumor produced bone trabeculae) exhibited equally strong expression of u-PA, u-PAR, and cathepsin B, regardless of their histologic grade. Expression of u-PA, u-PAR, and cathepsin B was undetectable in the "normalized" cells embedded in the well-developed tumor bone trabeculae.

CONCLUSION:

These data indicate that u-PA and its interacting molecules, such as u-PAR and cathepsin B, may have some contributory effects on the metastatic potential of tumor cells in dedifferentiated parosteal osteosarcoma.

PMID:
10086509
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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