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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1999 Mar 16;96(6):2828-33.

A mutant deubiquitinating enzyme (Ubp-M) associates with mitotic chromosomes and blocks cell division.

Author information

  • 1Boyer Center for Molecular Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06536, USA.

Abstract

A new ubiquitin-processing protease (Ubp-M) has been identified in mammalian cells that is phosphorylated at the onset of mitosis and dephosphorylated during the metaphase/anaphase transition. The carboxyl-terminal domain of this 823-aa protein can be phosphorylated in vitro with either extracts of mitotic cells or purified cdc-2/cyclin B complexes. Recombinant Ubp-M is able to deubiquitinate histone H2A in vitro, and the phosphorylated form is also enzymatically active. Wild-type Ubp-M, transiently expressed as green fluorescent protein-fusion proteins, localizes in the cytoplasm of cultured cells, but mutant forms, lacking an active-site cysteine, associate closely with mitotic chromosomes during all stages of cell division and remain within the nucleus during the postmitotic period. Cells transfected with plasmids containing mutant Ubp-M genes stop dividing and eventually undergo apoptosis. Ubp-M may deubiquitinate one or more critical proteins that are involved in the condensation of mitotic chromosomes, possibly acting selectively on histones H2A and H2B, the major ubiquitinated proteins of chromatin.

PMID:
10077596
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC15854
Free PMC Article

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