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Auris Nasus Larynx. 1999 Jan;26(1):39-48.

Anatomic variations of the paranasal sinuses: CT examination for endoscopic sinus surgery.

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  • 1Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, Yüzüncü Yil University, Van, Turkey.


Chronic rhinosinusitis endoscopic surgery requires an accurate evaluation of diseases and paranasal sinus anatomic variations. This study aims to show the main anatomical variations in the ostiomeatal complex and paranasal sinuses which are usually depicted by computed tomography (CT). CT scans obtained 2 mm thickness in axial and coronal plane from a series of 200 patients with chronic sinusitis were examined to determine the prevalence of anatomic variants. Anatomical variations determined were supraorbital recess in 6%, concha bullosa in 30%, sphenomaxillary plate in 17%, infra-orbital ethmoid cells (Haller's cells) in 6%, spheno-ethmoid cells (Onodi's cells) in 12%, pneumatization of the anterior clinoid process in 6%, carotid artery bulging into the sphenoid sinus in 8%, pneumatization of the uncinate process in 2%, paradoxical curvature of the middle turbinate in 3% and septal deviation in 36%. Level difference between the ethmoid roof and nasal vault was an average of 8 mm in right side and 9.5 mm in left side. Awareness of these different variations will help the rhinologic surgeon in his orientation during endoscopic surgical procedures.

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