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Am J Clin Nutr. 1999 Mar;69(3):564-71.

Age-related hearing loss, vitamin B-12, and folate in elderly women.

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  • 1Department of Foods and Nutrition, The University of Georgia, Athens 30602, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Hearing impairment is 1 of the 4 most prevalent chronic conditions in the elderly. However, the biological basis of age-related hearing loss is unknown.

OBJECTIVE:

The objective was to test the hypothesis that age-related hearing loss may be associated with poor vitamin B-12 and folate status.

DESIGN:

A thorough audiometric assessment was conducted in 55 healthy women aged 60-71 y. Hearing function was determined by the average of pure-tone air conduction thresholds at 0.5, 1, 2, and 4 kHz and was categorized into 2 groups for logistic regression analyses: normal hearing (<20 dB hearing level; n = 44) and impaired hearing (> or = 20 dB hearing level; n = 11).

RESULTS:

Mean age was the same (65 y) for the normal hearing and impaired hearing groups. Pure-tone averages were inversely correlated with serum vitamin B-12 (r = -0.58, P = 0.0001) and red cell folate (r = -0.37, P = 0.01). Women with impaired hearing had 38% lower serum vitamin B-12 (236 compared with 380 pmol/L, respectively, P = 0.008) and 31% lower red cell folate (425 compared with 619 nmol/L, respectively, P = 0.02) than women with normal hearing. Among participants who did not take supplements containing vitamin B-12 or folate, women with impaired hearing had 48% lower serum vitamin B-12 (156 compared with 302 pmol/L, respectively, P = 0.0007) and 43% lower red cell folate (288 compared with 502 nmol/L, respectively, P = 0.001) than women with normal hearing.

CONCLUSION:

Poor vitamin B-12 and folate status may be associated with age-related auditory dysfunction.

PMID:
10075346
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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