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Prog Brain Res. 1998;119:365-82.

The suprachiasmatic nucleus-paraventricular nucleus interactions: a bridge to the neuroendocrine and autonomic nervous system.

Author information

  • 1Netherlands Institute for Brain Research, Amsterdam, The Netherlands. r.buijs@nih.knaw.nl

Abstract

Vasopressin (VP) is one of the principal neurotransmitters of the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN). By means of anatomical, physiological and electrophysiological techniques we have demonstrated that VP containing pathways from the SCN serve to affect neuroendocrine and 'autonomic' neurons in the paraventricular nucleus. By direct and indirect connections VP serves to inhibit corticosterone secretion, not only by affecting ACTH secretion but also by controlling the adrenal cortex via a neuronal route. Apart from controlling the pineal and adrenal, we also observed that the SCN is able to influence the heart. Subjecting rats or humans to light affects heart rate in a dose-dependent manner. These results suggest an important role for the SCN and VP in the SCN in the regulation of neuroendocrine and autonomic functions.

PMID:
10074800
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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