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Clin Obstet Gynecol. 1999 Mar;42(1):31-8; quiz 55-6.

Surgical management of ectopic pregnancy.

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  • 1McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. togas@rvhob2.lan.mcgill.ca

Abstract

Laparoscopic salpingostomy remains the definitive and universal treatment of ectopic pregnancy in patients who are hemodynamically stable and who wish to preserve their fertility. The reproductive performance after salpingostomy appears to be equivalent or better than salpingectomy, but the recurrent ectopic pregnancy rate may be slightly greater. Expectant management has a poor efficacy and unproven benefit in subsequent reproductive outcome. Its use should be limited to situations in which the ectopic pregnancy is suspected but cannot be detected by transvaginal ultrasound. Methotrexate is an alternative to surgical treatment in selected patients who fulfill strict inclusion criteria, including compliance with follow-up evaluation. A large, prospective, randomized trial with significant power is needed, however, to study the prognostic factors for methotrexate success. The most practical and efficient method of methotrexate administration is a single intramuscular injection. Those who do not meet the criteria for methotrexate therapy should be treated surgically, which can be done by laparoscopy. Interstitial pregnancy also can be treated with methotrexate. Otherwise, a cornual resection or salpingotomy can be done. Although, it is feasible by laparoscopy, the laparoscopic approach should be done only by those who have an expertise in laparoscopic suturing. Abdominal and ovarian pregnancies are best treated surgically. Further, the diagnosis usually is established by laparoscopy, and an appropriate surgical treatment can be conducted at the same time.

PMID:
10073297
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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