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Arch Pharm Res. 1999 Feb;22(1):18-24.

Inhibition of cyclooxygenase/lipoxygenase from human platelets by polyhydroxylated/methoxylated flavonoids isolated from medicinal plants.

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  • 1College of Pharmacy, Kangwon National University, Chunchon, Korea.

Abstract

Various flavonoid derivatives were previously reported to possess the inhibitory activity on cyclooxygenase/lipoxygenase. And these properties of flavonoids might contribute to their anti-inflammatory activity in vivo. In this study, several polyhydroxylated/methoxylated flavonoid derivatives such as oroxylin A, wogonin, skullcapflavone II, tectorigenin and iristectorigenin A were isolated from the medicinal plants. These compounds were evaluated for their inhibitory effects on cyclooxygenase/lipoxygenase from the homogenate of human platelets in vitro. It was found that isoflavones including daidzein and tectorigenin possessed the inhibitory activity on cyclooxygenase, although the potency of inhibition was far less than that of indomethacin. In addition, oroxylin A, baicalein and wogonin inhibited 12-lipoxygenase activity without affecting cyclooxygenase, which suggested that 5,6,7- or 5,7,8-trisubstitutions of A-ring of flavone gave favorable results. The IC50 values of oroxylin A and NDGA against 12-lipoxygenase were found to be 100 and 1.5 microM, respectively.

PMID:
10071954
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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