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Food Chem Toxicol. 1999 Jan;37(1):61-7.

Suppressive effects of josamycin on the development of altered liver cell foci and chronic nephropathy in a carcinogenicity study.

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  • 1Division of Pathology, National Institute of Health Sciences, Tokyo, Japan.


The carcinogenicity of josamycin was examined in Fischer 344 (F344) rats. Groups of 50 males and 50 females were given the compound in their diet at concentrations of 0 (control), 1.25 or 2.5% for 104-weeks; these dose levels were selected on the basis of the results of a subchronic study, in which animals rather rejected 5% josamycin. All surviving rats were killed at wk 106. A variety of tumours developed in all groups, including the control group, but all the neoplastic lesions were histologically similar to those known to occur spontaneously in this strain of rats, and no statistically significant increase in the incidence of any tumour was found in the treated groups of either sex. Interestingly, the josamycin treatment significantly reduced the development of altered liver cell foci and chronic nephropathy in a dose-dependent manner. Thus, it was concluded that, under the present experimental conditions, josamycin is not carcinogenic in F344 rats.

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