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J Chromatogr B Biomed Sci Appl. 1999 Feb 5;722(1-2):11-31.

Oriented immobilization of biologically active proteins as a tool for revealing protein interactions and function.

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  • 1Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague.

Abstract

The advantages of oriented immobilization of biologically active proteins are good steric accessibilities of active binding sites and increased stability. This not only may help to increase the production of preparative procedures but is likely to promote current knowledge about how the living cells or tissues operate. Protein inactivation starts with the unfolding of the protein molecule by the contact of water with hydrophobic clusters located on the surface of protein molecules, which results in ice-like water structure. Reduction of the nonpolar surface area by the formation of a suitable biospecifc complex or by use of carbohydrate moieties thus may stabilize proteins. This review discusses oriented immobilization of antibodies by use of immobilized protein A or G. The section about oriented immobilization of proteins by use of their suitable antibodies covers immobilization of enzymes utilizing their adsorption on suitable immunosorbents prepared using monoclonal or polyclonal antibodies, preparation of bioaffinity adsorbent for the isolation of concanavalin A and immobilization of antibodies by use of antimouse immunoglobulin G, Fc-specific (i.e. specific towards the constant region of the molecule). In the further section immobilization of antibodies and enzymes through their carbohydrate moieties is described. Oriented immobilization of proteins can be also based on the use of boronate affinity gel or immobilized metal ion affinity chromatography technique. Biotin-avidin or streptavidin techniques are mostly used methods for oriented immobilization. Site-specific attachment of proteins to the surface of solid supports can be also achieved by enzyme, e.g., subtilisin, after introduction a single cysteine residue by site-directed mutagenesis.

PMID:
10068131
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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