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Stroke. 1999 Mar;30(3):687-9.

Spatz-Lindenberg disease: a rare cause of vascular dementia.

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  • 1National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, London, UK.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Isolated cerebral thromboangiitis obliterans (Spatz-Lindenberg disease) is not well recognized as a cause of vascular dementia.

CASE DESCRIPTION:

A 58-year-old woman presented with dementia and pyramidal signs. Neuroimaging showed multiple areas of white matter change. Brain biopsy showed intimal thickening of the walls of leptomeningeal and intraparenchymal arteries, almost to complete occlusion, with an intact internal elastic lamina and media and without inflammation or infiltration. The cortex showed only moderate gliosis.

CONCLUSIONS:

Spatz-Lindenberg disease should be considered in the differential diagnosis of vascular dementia. Additional studies of its pathogenesis are required to determine appropriate treatment.

PMID:
10066872
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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