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J Biomech. 1999 Feb;32(2):183-8.

A failure model for ligaments.

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  • 1Department of Surgery, University of Maryland at Baltimore, USA.


We propose a failure model for ligament which assumes that sequential uncrimping and stretching of collagen fibers is responsible for the mechanical response of ligament. We further assume that the fibers rupture sequentially and in a brittle, strain-limited manner. The model was fit to stress strain curves obtained from medial collateral ligaments of New Zealand White rabbits from two age groups (4 and 7 months). The model indicated that collagen modulus values ranged from 300 to 680 MPa and that fiber failure strains ranged from 6 to 22%. The model provides a convenient means of describing the elastic and failure response of ligament using four structurally based parameters.

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