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J Comput Assist Tomogr. 1999 Jan-Feb;23(1):130-7.

Assessment of vertebral bone mineral density using volumetric quantitative CT.

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  • 1Department of Radiology, University of California, San Francisco 94143-1250, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The purpose of this work was to determine the precision and diagnostic efficacy of bone mineral density (BMD) measures based on volumetric quantitative CT (QCT) of the spine.

METHOD:

Volumetric CT scans of L1 and L2 (GE-9800Q; 80 kVp, 140 mAs, 3 mm slices) were acquired in a cohort of 62 osteoporotic women (mean age 70.4 years, T(DXA hip or spine) < -2.5), of whom 20 had vertebral fractures and 42 were nonfractured control subjects. An image analysis technique delineated trabecular, cortical, and integral regions in reference to a vertebra-fixed coordinate system. We computed precision values and fracture control differences for these new regions and for single-slice QCT and dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) measures synthesized from the volumetric data.

RESULTS:

Volumetric trabecular BMD showed higher precision (1.3%) than the synthesized single-slice measures (2.1-2.8%). Volumetric and single-slice trabecular BMD showed equivalent decrements between fractured and nonfractured subjects (17-19%), with integral BMD showing smaller and less significant differences (7-8%).

CONCLUSION:

Volumetric and single-slice QCT techniques are equivalent for vertebral fracture risk estimation, but volumetric techniques should be superior for monitoring therapy efficacy.

PMID:
10050823
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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