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Genes Dev. 1999 Feb 15;13(4):394-9.

Transient gene asymmetry during sporulation and establishment of cell specificity in Bacillus subtilis.

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  • 1Institut de Biologie Physico-Chimique, 75005 Paris, France.

Abstract

Sporulation in Bacillus subtilis is initiated by an asymmetric division generating two cells of different size and fate. During a short interval, the smaller forespore harbors only 30% of the chromosome until the remaining part is translocated across the septum. We demonstrate that moving the gene for sigmaF, the forespore-specific transcription factor, in the trapped region of the chromosome is sufficient to produce spores in the absence of the essential activators SpoIIAA and SpoIIE. We propose that transient genetic asymmetry is the device that releases SpoIIE phosphatase activity in the forespore and establishes cell specificity.

PMID:
10049355
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC316476
Free PMC Article
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