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Ann Emerg Med. 1999 Mar;33(3):299-303.

An emergency department-based pneumococcal vaccination program could save money and lives.

Author information

  • 1Department of Emergency Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, The Ohio State University College of Medicine and Public Health, Columbus, OH.

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVE:

Pneumococcal vaccination (PV) rates for eligible emergency department patients are less than 25%. This study determines the potential effect of an ED-based pneumococcal vaccination program in preventing pneumococcal bacteremia (PB) in high-risk patients.

METHODS:

In a retrospective observational study, hospital records of 188 consecutive adults (>/=18 years old) with PB were reviewed to determine how many were treated in the ED from 1 to 72 months before their admission for bacteremia. Potential cost savings and mortality reductions from an ED-based PV program were calculated assuming PV prevents 65% of bacteremic episodes. A retrospective review of 10,650 ED charts determined the percentage of patients with PV indications and the relative frequency of indications.

RESULTS:

One hundred four (55%) of the 188 patients with PB were seen in the ED less than or equal to 72 months before their admission for PB, and 91 (88%) of the 104 had indications for PV. These 91 patients had been evaluated in the ED an average of 3.4 times per patient during this 72-month period. Nine patients (10%) died before discharge. Mean hospital stay for the 82 survivors was 11.2 days. Of 10,650 ED charts reviewed, 2,011 (19%) had documented PV indications. Most prevalent PV indications were age 65 years or older (851 patients, 42%), diabetes mellitus (697, 35%), malignancy (248, 12%), chronic renal failure (228, 11%), and immunosuppression (221, 11%). Estimated cost savings ranged from $168,940 to $427,380.

CONCLUSION:

ED-based PV programs would result in considerable cost savings and decreased mortality.

PMID:
10036344
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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