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Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol. 1999 Feb;108(2):193-200.

Decrease of serum levels of soluble CD23 during immunotherapy in patients with perennial allergic rhinitis.

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  • 1Department of Otolaryngology, Osaka City University Medical School, Abeno, Osaka, Japan.

Abstract

There is increasing in vitro evidence that soluble CD23 (sCD23) is capable of potentiating the synthesis of human IgE and is likely involved in the expression of allergic diseases. Our study has aimed at investigating whether serum sCD23 is elevated in patients with perennial allergic rhinitis as compared to nonatopic controls, whether sCD23 in perennial allergic rhinitis fluctuates during the natural course in untreated patients, and whether sCD23 is decreased by immunotherapy. This study included 139 patients with perennial allergic rhinitis due to Dermatophagoides farinae who gave informed consent to participation. They were divided into 2 groups--an untreated group and an immunotherapy group--according to their treatment background. Thirty-one nonallergic, healthy volunteers were included to serve as controls. Symptom scores and serum concentrations of IgE specific to D. farinae and sCD23 were examined twice in each patient: at enrollment (first evaluation) and on a variant time course after enrollment (second evaluation). Serum concentrations of sCD23 were measured by a sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The level of sCD23 in patients with perennial allergic rhinitis was significantly higher than that in nonatopic controls (p < .0001). The level of sCD23 in perennial allergic rhinitis was correlated with the level of specific IgE against D. farinae. The sCD23 level did not fluctuate during the natural course for a span of 2.8 +/- 2.7 years in untreated patients (p = .1337), but was significantly decreased in patients who received immunotherapy for 2.7 +/- 2.2 years (p < .0001). The rate of decrease in sCD23 was significantly correlated with the rate of decrease in specific IgE (rs = .523, p < .0001) and symptom scores (rs = .450, p < .0001). In conclusion, the reduction in sCD23 during immunotherapy is probably related to the decrease in specific IgE and also plays a role in mediating its clinical effect.

PMID:
10030240
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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