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Infect Immun. 1999 Mar;67(3):1056-62.

Role of Bordetella pertussis virulence factors in adherence to epithelial cell lines derived from the human respiratory tract.

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  • 1Department of Infectious Diseases, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands. bvdberg@stad.dsl.nl

Abstract

During colonization of the respiratory tract by Bordetella pertussis, virulence factors contribute to adherence of the bacterium to the respiratory tract epithelium. In the present study, we examined the roles of the virulence factors filamentous hemagglutinin (FHA), fimbriae, pertactin (Prn), and pertussis toxin (PT) in the adherence of B. pertussis to cells of the human bronchial epithelial cell line NCI-H292 and of the laryngeal epithelial cell line HEp-2. Using B. pertussis mutant strains and purified FHA, fimbriae, Prn, and PT, we demonstrated that both fimbriae and FHA are involved in the adhesion of B. pertussis to laryngeal epithelial cells, whereas only FHA is involved in the adherence to bronchial epithelial cells. For PT and Prn, no role as adhesion factor was found. However, purified PT bound to both bronchial and laryngeal cells and as such reduced the adherence of B. pertussis to these cells. These data may imply that fimbriae play a role in infection of only the laryngeal mucosa, while FHA is the major factor in colonization of the entire respiratory tract.

PMID:
10024543
PMCID:
PMC96429
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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